Module jakarta.mail
Package jakarta.mail

Class Transport

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    java.lang.AutoCloseable
    Direct Known Subclasses:
    SMTPTransport

    public abstract class Transport
    extends Service
    An abstract class that models a message transport. Subclasses provide actual implementations.

    Note that Transport extends the Service class, which provides many common methods for naming transports, connecting to transports, and listening to connection events.

    See Also:
    Service, ConnectionEvent, TransportEvent
    • Constructor Detail

      • Transport

        public Transport​(Session session,
                         URLName urlname)
        Constructor.
        Parameters:
        session - Session object for this Transport.
        urlname - URLName object to be used for this Transport
    • Method Detail

      • send

        public static void send​(Message msg)
                         throws MessagingException
        Send a message. The message will be sent to all recipient addresses specified in the message (as returned from the Message method getAllRecipients), using message transports appropriate to each address. The send method calls the saveChanges method on the message before sending it.

        If any of the recipient addresses is detected to be invalid by the Transport during message submission, a SendFailedException is thrown. Clients can get more detail about the failure by examining the exception. Whether or not the message is still sent successfully to any valid addresses depends on the Transport implementation. See SendFailedException for more details. Note also that success does not imply that the message was delivered to the ultimate recipient, as failures may occur in later stages of delivery. Once a Transport accepts a message for delivery to a recipient, failures that occur later should be reported to the user via another mechanism, such as returning the undeliverable message.

        In typical usage, a SendFailedException reflects an error detected by the server. The details of the SendFailedException will usually contain the error message from the server (such as an SMTP error message). An address may be detected as invalid for a variety of reasons - the address may not exist, the address may have invalid syntax, the address may have exceeded its quota, etc.

        Note that send is a static method that creates and manages its own connection. Any connection associated with any Transport instance used to invoke this method is ignored and not used. This method should only be invoked using the form Transport.send(msg);, and should never be invoked using an instance variable.

        Parameters:
        msg - the message to send
        Throws:
        SendFailedException - if the message could not be sent to some or any of the recipients.
        MessagingException - for other failures
        See Also:
        Message.saveChanges(), Message.getAllRecipients(), send(Message, Address[]), SendFailedException
      • send

        public static void send​(Message msg,
                                java.lang.String user,
                                java.lang.String password)
                         throws MessagingException
        Send a message. The message will be sent to all recipient addresses specified in the message (as returned from the Message method getAllRecipients). The send method calls the saveChanges method on the message before sending it.

        Use the specified user name and password to authenticate to the mail server.

        Parameters:
        msg - the message to send
        user - the user name
        password - this user's password
        Throws:
        SendFailedException - if the message could not be sent to some or any of the recipients.
        MessagingException - for other failures
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.5
        See Also:
        Message.saveChanges(), send(Message), SendFailedException
      • send

        public static void send​(Message msg,
                                Address[] addresses,
                                java.lang.String user,
                                java.lang.String password)
                         throws MessagingException
        Send the message to the specified addresses, ignoring any recipients specified in the message itself. The send method calls the saveChanges method on the message before sending it.

        Use the specified user name and password to authenticate to the mail server.

        Parameters:
        msg - the message to send
        addresses - the addresses to which to send the message
        user - the user name
        password - this user's password
        Throws:
        SendFailedException - if the message could not be sent to some or any of the recipients.
        MessagingException - for other failures
        Since:
        JavaMail 1.5
        See Also:
        Message.saveChanges(), send(Message), SendFailedException
      • sendMessage

        public abstract void sendMessage​(Message msg,
                                         Address[] addresses)
                                  throws MessagingException
        Send the Message to the specified list of addresses. An appropriate TransportEvent indicating the delivery status is delivered to any TransportListener registered on this Transport. Also, if any of the addresses is invalid, a SendFailedException is thrown. Whether or not the message is still sent succesfully to any valid addresses depends on the Transport implementation.

        Unlike the static send method, the sendMessage method does not call the saveChanges method on the message; the caller should do so.

        Parameters:
        msg - The Message to be sent
        addresses - array of addresses to send this message to
        Throws:
        SendFailedException - if the send failed because of invalid addresses.
        MessagingException - if the connection is dead or not in the connected state
        See Also:
        TransportEvent
      • addTransportListener

        public void addTransportListener​(TransportListener l)
        Add a listener for Transport events.

        The default implementation provided here adds this listener to an internal list of TransportListeners.

        Parameters:
        l - the Listener for Transport events
        See Also:
        TransportEvent
      • notifyTransportListeners

        protected void notifyTransportListeners​(int type,
                                                Address[] validSent,
                                                Address[] validUnsent,
                                                Address[] invalid,
                                                Message msg)
        Notify all TransportListeners. Transport implementations are expected to use this method to broadcast TransportEvents.

        The provided default implementation queues the event into an internal event queue. An event dispatcher thread dequeues events from the queue and dispatches them to the registered TransportListeners. Note that the event dispatching occurs in a separate thread, thus avoiding potential deadlock problems.

        Parameters:
        type - the TransportEvent type
        validSent - valid addresses to which message was sent
        validUnsent - valid addresses to which message was not sent
        invalid - the invalid addresses
        msg - the message