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Chapter 27. Migration Guide

Table of Contents

27.1. Migrating from Jersey 2.21 to 2.22
27.1.1. Breaking Changes
27.2. Migrating from Jersey 2.19 to 2.20
27.2.1. Breaking Changes
27.3. Migrating from Jersey 2.18 to 2.19
27.3.1. Breaking Changes
27.4. Migrating from Jersey 2.17 to 2.18
27.4.1. Release 2.18 Highlights
27.4.2. Removed deprecated APIs
27.4.3. Breaking Changes
27.5. Migrating from Jersey 2.16 to 2.17
27.5.1. Release 2.17 Highlights
27.6. Migrating from Jersey 2.15 to 2.16
27.6.1. Release 2.16 Highlights
27.6.2. Deprecated APIs
27.6.3. Breaking Changes
27.7. Migrating to 2.15
27.7.1. Release 2.15 Highlights
27.7.2. Breaking Changes
27.8. Migrating from Jersey 2.11 to 2.12
27.8.1. Release 2.12 Highlights
27.8.2. Breaking Changes
27.9. Migrating from Jersey 2.10 to 2.11
27.9.1. Release 2.11 Highlights
27.10. Migrating from Jersey 2.9 to 2.10
27.10.1. Removed deprecated APIs
27.11. Migrating from Jersey 2.8 to 2.9
27.11.1. Release 2.9 Highlights
27.11.2. Changes
27.12. Migrating from Jersey 2.7 to 2.8
27.12.1. Changes
27.13. Migrating from Jersey 2.6 to 2.7
27.13.1. Changes
27.14. Migrating from Jersey 2.5.1 to 2.6
27.14.1. Guava and ASM have been embedded
27.14.2. Deprecated APIs
27.14.3. Removed deprecated APIs
27.15. Migrating from Jersey 2.5 to 2.5.1
27.16. Migrating from Jersey 2.4.1 to 2.5
27.16.1. Client-side API and SPI changes
27.16.2. Other changes
27.17. Migrating from Jersey 2.4 to 2.4.1
27.18. Migrating from Jersey 2.3 to 2.4
27.19. Migrating from Jersey 2.0, 2.1 or 2.2 to 2.3
27.20. Migrating from Jersey 1.x to 2.0
27.20.1. Server API
27.20.2. Migrating Jersey Client API
27.20.3. JSON support changes

27.1. Migrating from Jersey 2.21 to 2.22

27.1.1. Breaking Changes

  • In previous Jersey versions, if the resource method created a response containing relative URI in the Location http header, the URI was resolved against base uri of the application. This behaviour was not correct, as pointed out by JERSEY-2838. With this change, the URI is, by default, resolved against request base uri.

    For example, having a resource at, that returns response with Location: foo, while the root of the app is, the resulting URI will be:

    with Jersey 2.21 and earlier:
    with Jersey 2.22:

    Please note, that the trailing slash is significant, so that if the URI ends with a slash (, the output will be:

    with Jersey 2.21 and earlier:
    with Jersey 2.22:

    Alternatively, the entire URI resolving logic can be switched off by newly introduced ServerProperties.LOCATION_HEADER_RELATIVE_URI_RESOLUTION_DISABLED property. If the value is true, Jersey will not change the URI contained in the Location header at all (even if this behaviour may not match with behaviour described in JavaDoc).

27.2. Migrating from Jersey 2.19 to 2.20

27.2.1. Breaking Changes

  • New parameter, org.glassfish.hk2.api.ServiceLocator, has been added to ExternalRequestScope methods. This is to allow 3rd party component providers to hook up with the actual HK2 locator in case of multiple Jersey applications are running in paralell within a single 3rd party component container. The change was driven by CDI/Servlet requirements.

27.3. Migrating from Jersey 2.18 to 2.19

27.3.1. Breaking Changes

  • New method, close, has been added to ResourceFinder. It's intention is to release allocated/opened resources (such as streams) without a need to iterate through the whole ResourceFinder.

27.4. Migrating from Jersey 2.17 to 2.18

27.4.1. Release 2.18 Highlights Updated to MOXy 2.6

Jersey has updated version of MOXy (XML/JSON provider) to version 2.6. Among some bug fixes there are other notable changes (some of them breaking) that you should be aware of: Promoted Public Beta APIs

Several experimental Jersey APIs have matured enough and as such we have decided to promote them from Beta status, namely:

These APIs are now part of the official public Jersey 2.x API.

27.4.2. Removed deprecated APIs

Following, already deprecated, APIs were removed:

  • org.glassfish.jersey.apache.connector.ApacheClientProperties - constant SSL_CONFIG has been removed. Use ClientBuilder methods to configure SSL in a Client instance.

  • org.glassfish.jersey.jetty.connector.JettyClientProperties - constant SSL_CONFIG has been removed. Use ClientBuilder methods to configure SSL in a Client instance.

  • FreemarkerMvcFeature.TEMPLATES_BASE_PATH - constant has been unified across MVC modules and the deprecated one has been removed. Use FreemarkerMvcFeature.TEMPLATE_BASE_PATH or property jersey.config.server.mvc.templateBasePath.freemarker instead.

  • JspMvcFeature.TEMPLATES_BASE_PATH - constant has been unified across MVC modules and the deprecated one has been removed. Use JspMvcFeature.TEMPLATE_BASE_PATH or property jersey.config.server.mvc.templateBasePath.jsp instead.

27.4.3. Breaking Changes

  • Integration of executor providers for Jersey runtime has been unified and refactored. As a result, the org.glassfish.jersey.spi.RequestExecutorProvider and org.glassfish.jersey.spi.RuntimeThreadProvider SPIs have been removed from Jersey. A new, common & generic executor service providers have been introduced instead: ExecutorServiceProvider and ScheduledExecutorServiceProvider. These new providers are used to support custom qualified executor service injection, including the refactored use cases of client asynchronous request execution, server-side managed asynchronous request processing as well as server-side background task scheduler.

27.5. Migrating from Jersey 2.16 to 2.17

27.5.1. Release 2.17 Highlights CDI integration in EAR packaged WARs

From version 2.17 onwards, it's possible to use CDI with JAX-RS web-applications packaged in EAR. All supported HK2/CDI injections now work as expected for JAX-RS application deployed in the mentioned fashion. One need to make sure that modules jersey-cdi1x and jersey-cdi1x-servlet are present in Servlet container (that supports EARs).

27.6. Migrating from Jersey 2.15 to 2.16

27.6.1. Release 2.16 Highlights JAX-B providers separated from the core

From version 2.16 onwards, all JAX-B providers are being bundled in a separate module. Performance gain when using Sub-Resource Locators

We improved the performance for using sub-resource locators in an Jersey application. The performance gains are available for cases when the sub-resource locator method returns either a resource class (return value is e.g. Class<?> or Class<MySubResource>) or a (non-proxied) resource instance (when return value is an instance of MySubResource class). More unified connector configuration options

Jetty connector and Apache connector have been previously using their own custom properties to set SSL context on a connector. These properties have been deprecated and the code has been updated to read the SSL context information from the JAX-RS client configuration. This means that all Jersey connectors now properly accept SSL configuration as configured via standard JAX-RS ClientBuilder methods.

Previously, all Jersey connectors have been using their own default chunk size when HTTP chunked coding was used. Since Jersey 2.16, there is a new default chunk size value used by all connectors, if a custom chunk size is not set. The new default value is stored under ClientProperties.DEFAULT_CHUNK_SIZE client property.

27.6.2. Deprecated APIs

Following APIs were deprecated:

  • org.glassfish.jersey.apache.connector.ApacheClientProperties - constant SSL_CONFIG has been marked as deprecated and will be removed in a subsequent release. Use ClientBuilder methods to configure SSL in a Client instance.

  • org.glassfish.jersey.jetty.connector.JettyClientProperties - constant SSL_CONFIG has been marked as deprecated and will be removed in a subsequent release. Use ClientBuilder methods to configure SSL in a Client instance.

27.6.3. Breaking Changes

  • JAX-B support modularization might cause breaking changes for those users relying on JAX-B and directly referring to the Jersey core-common module:


    The following needs to be included in addition from version 2.16 on:


  • MediaType's quality source parameters (qs) reuse the same parsing as quality parameters. This means that values higher than 1.0 throw ParseException. I.e. following example is not allowed any more:

    @Produces("text/html;qs=5") // wrong 'qs' value
    public class Bookstore { ... }

27.7. Migrating to 2.15

27.7.1. Release 2.15 Highlights Container agnostic CDI support

Before 2.15, CDI integration was supported primarily in Java EE containers with built-in CDI support. From version 2.15 onwards, it is possible to leverage CDI integration also outside of Java EE environment. A new example, helloworld-weld, has been introduced to demonstrate the new feature using Grizzly HTTP server. Another example application, cdi-webapp, has been updated so that it enables Apache Tomcat Server deployment.

27.7.2. Breaking Changes

  • CDI support improvement caused breaking changes for those users directly referring to the following CDI supporting Jersey module in maven:


    The above dependency needs to be replaced with:


    The following needs to be included in addition if you want to leverage CDI JTA support:


27.8. Migrating from Jersey 2.11 to 2.12

27.8.1. Release 2.12 Highlights

Following experimental APIs have been promoted to become part of public Jersey API:

  • Jersey client-side HttpAuthenticationFeature API.

  • Jersey server-side DestroyListener (formerly ExtendedMonitoringStatisticsListener), which has been slightly refactored and is now a separate interface (e.g. not extending MonitoringStatisticsListener), hence providing better compatibility with lambdas.

These APIs are now part of the official public Jersey 2.x API.

27.8.2. Breaking Changes

  • Because of a bug fix for issue JERSEY-2602, we re-generate WADL classes from wadl.xsd to make sure the getters for boolean properties starts with is instead of get as in Jersey 1 and Jersey <= 2.6.

  • For performance purposes a new server property ServerProperties.MONITORING_ENABLED has been introduced. It is possible to enable just basic almost static monitoring information using the property. It allows to inject ApplicationInfo object, renamed original class org.glassfish.jersey.server.monitoring.ApplicationStatistics. And MonitoringStatistics no more have a reference to ApplicationStatistics, method getApplicationStatistics() has been removed.


27.9. Migrating from Jersey 2.10 to 2.11

27.9.1. Release 2.11 Highlights Promoted Public Beta APIs

Several experimental Jersey APIs have matured enough and as such we have decided to promote them from Beta status, namely:

These APIs are now part of the official public Jersey 2.x API. Not closing provided streams in message body providers

Jersey is now preventing message body providers (MBR, MBW) from closing given input/output stream. With this change Jersey is enforcing the JavaDoc statements present in message body providers. Jackson 1

We have reintroduced support for JSON processing via Jackson 1.x JSON provider (1.9.11). In order to use Jackson 1 in your application you need to add jersey-media-json-jackson1 module (+ it's dependencies) to your class-path and register Jackson1Feature in your application (server or client). ClientLifecycleListener

Client-side providers (such asClientRequestFilters) implementing the new org.glassfish.jersey.client.ClientLifecycleListener interface will be notified when various lifecycle events occur. Currently client runtime initialization triggers the onInit() method and client closing triggers onClose() method. Such providers implementing the ClientLifecycleListener can be registered in a common way, e.g. into a JerseyClient or JerseyWebTarget instance, or into a (potentially) auto discoverable feature context.

27.10. Migrating from Jersey 2.9 to 2.10

27.10.1. Removed deprecated APIs

Following, already deprecated, APIs were removed:

  • org.glassfish.jersey.server.model.ResourceModelContext (not used)

  • org.glassfish.jersey.server.model.ResourceModelListener (not used)

27.11. Migrating from Jersey 2.8 to 2.9

27.11.1. Release 2.9 Highlights Declarative Linking

Gerard updated the Declarative Linking extension module which has been ported to Jersey 2 in version 2.6. You can read more about what Declarative Linking does and what it's capable of in the following blog posts: Jackson 2

Our media module that supports working with JSON via Jackson library has been updated to use Jackson 2.x (2.3.2). All samples and tests have been rewritten to use Jackson 2 as well. In order to use Jackson 2 in your application you need to add jersey-media-json-jackson (+ it's Jackson dependencies) to your class-path and register JacksonFeature in your application. META-INF/services

We dropped automatic registration of message body providers (MessageBodyWriter, MessageBodyReader) and exception mappers via META-INF/services mechanism. This functionality can be restored by adding jersey-metainf-services module to the class-path of your application.

Note: This change may affect 3rd party libraries (e.g. Jackson 2.x) in a way their provider would not be registered in an JAX-RS app. You need to either register them manually or use mentioned jersey-metainf-services module. Jersey Test Framework

Jersey Test Framework now supports TestNG to run the tests (in addition to the JUnit, which is supported by default). You can now run the tests in parallel using either JUnit or TestNG. See chapters dedicated to TestNG and parallel testing for more information: Section 25.3, “Running TestNG Tests” and Section 25.5, “Parallel Testing with Jersey Test Framework”.

27.11.2. Changes

  • Some of the feature specific configuration properties (disable WADL, disable BV, disable JSON-Processing, enable Monitoring), and their server/client counterparts, are no longer affected by a value of properties CommonProperties.FEATURE_AUTO_DISCOVERY_DISABLE or CommonProperties.METAINF_SERVICES_LOOKUP_DISABLE. The specific properties have to be used to change default behaviour of mentioned features (e.g. ServerProperties.WADL_FEATURE_DISABLE).

  • Automatic registration of MessageBodyWriter, MessageBodyReaders and ExceptionMappers via META-INF/services mechanism has been removed. Disabling the automatic registration of providers via META-INF/services may affect 3rd party libraries (i.e. Jackson 2.x) that are using this mechanism to register it's providers. In order to restore this functionality the org.glassfish.jersey.ext:jersey-metainf-services has to be added on the classpath. Otherwise such providers has to be registered manually.

  • The Jackson JSON Jersey module has been updated to use Jackson 2.x instead of Jackson 1.x. This means that all the code that has been using Jackson 1.x for JSON (de)serialization has to be migrated to Jackson 2.x.

27.12. Migrating from Jersey 2.7 to 2.8

27.12.1. Changes

  • Because of a bug fix for issue JERSEY-2458, there has been a slight change in the behavior of UriInfo getPath and getPathSegments methods. The getPath methods no longer return a path prefixed with a slash ('/'), instead they now correctly return a request path relative to the base request URI. Also, the UriInfo now correctly handles requests which URI contains empty path segments (e.g. http://localhost///a/b//c). These empty path segments are now correctly included in the lists returned by the UriInfo.getPathSegments methods.

  • SseFeature now gets automatically discovered and enabled if the SSE module is present on the class path. This behavior can be suppressed by setting DISABLE_SSE property to true. The behavior can also be selectively suppressed in either client or server runtime by setting the DISABLE_SSE_CLIENT or DISABLE_SSE_SERVER property respectively.

  • Deprecated getDestroyTime method has been removed from org.glassfish.jersey.server.monitoring.ApplicationStatistics. To get the application shutdown information, a ContainerLifecycleListener should be registered and its onShutdown method implemented to listen to and process the application shutdown event.

  • Method triggerEvent(RequestEvent.Type) has been removed from the public ContainerRequest API. This method has never been intended for public, application-level use.

  • In Jersey 2.7 and earlier it was (under certain conditions) possible to supply custom TestContainerFactory as part of the tested JAX-RS / Jersey application. This factory would be picked and used by JerseyTest to instantiate TestContainer that will host the tested application. This feature was unreliable and redundant. As such, support for the feature has been removed. To specify a custom TestContainerFactory to be used by your JerseyTest subclass, please override the JerseyTest.getTestContainerFactory method instead. Overriding getTestContainerFactory now remains the only reliable way of specifying custom TestContainerFactory implementation to be used in your tests.

  • Protected method setTestContainerFactory has been removed from the JerseyTest API as calling the method had no effect on the TestContainerFactory instance used by the JerseyTest subclass.

  • Protected method getClient has been removed from the JerseyTest API. To configure test client instances, please override the configureClient method instead.

  • Utility methods JerseyTest that provide access to pre-configured Client and WebTarget instances (client(), target(...)) have been made final to prevent overriding in subclasses and thus ensure consistency of the jersey test framework functionality.

  • JerseyTest constructor JerseyTest(Class<? extends Application>) has been made deprecated and will be removed in the subsequent Jersey release.

  • It was previously possible to pass in a custom ContainerProvider that was supposed to deploy and run the application as one of the JAX-RS / Jersey application providers. This ability has been removed without any substitute as the concept was fundamentally flawed. Typical use cases should not be affected by this change.

  • Factory methods createHttpServer which take Jersey ApplicationHandler as one of the input parameters have been removed from the Jersey container factory API as inherently broken. This impacts GrizzlyHttpServerFactory, JdkHttpServerFactory, JettyHttpContainerFactory and SimpleContainerFactory implementations. The methods that take ResourceConfig as input parameter should be used instead. Typical use cases should not be affected by this change.

  • Method registerAdditionalBinders on ApplicationHandler has been removed from the public API. Please use the specific ApplicationHandler constructor that accepts custom HK2 binders instead.

  • Several configuration properties were renamed, especially those having client and server versions along with the common version in CommonProperties. Please see following table for complete reference:

    Table 27.1. List of changed configuration properties:

    ConstantOld value (Jersey 2.7 and before)New value (Jersey 2.8+)

    The old names are still working for now, but are deprecated. There is a fallback mechanism implemented while reading the property and each get, that resolves the value from the old-named property, will log a CONFIG level warning.

27.13. Migrating from Jersey 2.6 to 2.7

27.13.1. Changes

  • Until version 2.6, Jersey was compiled with Java SE 6. This has changes in Jersey 2.7. Now almost all Jersey components are compiled with Java SE 7 target. It means, that you will need at least Java SE 7 to be able to compile and run your application that is using latest Jersey. Only core-common and core-client modules are still compiled with Java class version runnable with Java SE 6.

  • MVC support: method writeTo of TemplateProcessor was modified by adding an argument MultivaluedMap<String, Object> httpHeaders. This is an incompatible change (the method was modified directly in the interface). All Jersey provided MVC implementation were adjusted but if you have your own MVC implementation then you need to modify the method signature of the implementation.

  • A minor JAX-RS incompatibility issue has been recently discovered and reported (see JERSEY-2387). As part of the fix, minor breaking changes related to URI resolving and creation have been introduced in the behavior of UriBuilder, Link.Builder and WebTarget classes. It is no longer possible to successfully build a new URI instance from a UriBuilder that contains unresolved template parameters. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown in such case, as mandated by JAX-RS API javadoc. Similarly, it is not possible to successfully create a Link instance from a URI template with unresolved template parameters. Also, it is not possible to successfully send a request on a WebTarget that represents a URI template that does not have all the template parameters properly resolved. Any attempt to do so will fail with an exception. Note that this also applies to any managed clients injected into JAX-RS server-side components using Uri annotation.

    In Jersey 2.6 and earlier, producing a URI from an incompletely resolved URI template would succeed and all unresolved template parameter locations would be encoded without change into the resulting URI, for example "/path/{param}" would be implicitly encoded as "/path/%7Bparam%7D". While we do not expect our users to depend on this functionality, if the former behavior is desired for some reason, UriComponent.encodeTemplateNames method can be used instead:


    or simply


27.14. Migrating from Jersey 2.5.1 to 2.6

27.14.1. Guava and ASM have been embedded

Jersey no longer depend directly on Guava and ASM artifacts which means that users are free to use their own versions of mentioned libraries.

New bundle has been created for Guava (bundles/repackaged/jersey-guava), with Maven coordinates: org.glassfish.jersey.bundles.repackaged:jersey-guava

(Repackaged) ASM is now part of Jersey Server. Jersey currently uses ASM 5 for package-scanning capabilities.

27.14.2. Deprecated APIs

Following APIs were deprecated:

  • org.glassfish.jersey.message.internal.HttpDateFormat - method getPreferedDateFormat() has been marked as deprecated due to typo in the name. New method getPreferredDateFormat() should be used instead.

27.14.3. Removed deprecated APIs

Following, already deprecated, APIs were removed:

  • org.glassfish.jersey.client.filter.HttpBasicAuthFilter and org.glassfish.jersey.client.filter.HttpDigestAuthFilter (use HttpAuthenticationFeature instead)

  • org.glassfish.jersey.apache.connector.ApacheClientProperties.HTTP_PARAMS (use org.glassfish.jersey.apache.connector.ApacheClientProperties#REQUEST_CONFIG instead), org.glassfish.jersey.apache.connector.ApacheClientProperties.PROXY_URI, org.glassfish.jersey.apache.connector.ApacheClientProperties.PROXY_USERNAME, org.glassfish.jersey.apache.connector.ApacheClientProperties.PROXY_PASSWORD (use corresponding ClientProperties instead.

  • org.glassfish.jersey.server.validation.ValidationConfig.setMessageInterpolator org.glassfish.jersey.server.validation.ValidationConfig.setTraversableResolver org.glassfish.jersey.server.validation.ValidationConfig.setConstraintValidatorFactory org.glassfish.jersey.server.validation.ValidationConfig.setParameterNameProvider (use corresponding methods of the same class without "set" prefix in the method names).

  • org.glassfish.jersey.server.mvc.MvcProperties (use properties of org.glassfish.jersey.server.mvc.MvcFeature instead).

  • MVC does not allow to specify the resolving class. Resolving class is used to create a path of the template. Changes are:

    Annotation attribute Class<?> org.glassfish.jersey.server.mvc.Template.resolvingClass() (the attribute was obsolete and therefore removed. Resolving class now always the resource class in which the MVC resource method is defined).

    resolvingClass was removed from Viewable. The constructor no longer accepts this argument and there is no getter for this field.

  • org.glassfish.jersey.server.mvc.freemarker.FreemarkerProperties (use FreemarkerMvcFeature instead)

  • org.glassfish.jersey.server.mvc.jsp.JspProperties (use JspMvcFeature instead)

  • org.glassfish.jersey.server.model.RuntimeResource.getFirstParentResource() (use Resource.getParent() instead).

  • WADL is by default displayed in the simplified form. It does not contain supporting resources like OPTIONS methods or /application.wadl itself. In order to get the full WADL use query param detail=true. For example make a GET request to http://localhost:8080/application.wadl?detail=true.

27.15. Migrating from Jersey 2.5 to 2.5.1

  • WADL is by default displayed in the simplified form. It does not contain supporting resources like OPTIONS methods or /application.wadl itself. In order to get the full WADL use query param detail=true. For example make a GET request to http://localhost:8080/application.wadl?detail=true.

27.16. Migrating from Jersey 2.4.1 to 2.5

27.16.1. Client-side API and SPI changes

  • Client chunked encoding configuration behaviour has changed:

    Jersey client uses chunked encoding (streaming) for serialization of the entity as a default option. Before Jersey 2.5 release entity buffering has been used by default. The size of the chunk can still be controlled by ClientProperties.CHUNKED_ENCODING_SIZE property, this property however no longer enforces the use of chunked encoding. To control request entity buffering and chunked transfer coding selection, please utilize use the new ClientProperties.REQUEST_ENTITY_PROCESSING property. The behaviour of the property is however not unified across the available Connector implementations and depends on the connector implementation configured for the Client instance. Default connector produced by HttpUrlConnectorProvider still uses buffering as default options due to bugs in HttpURLConnection. On the other hand, Jetty HTTP Client based connectors produced by JettyConnectorProvider do not support chunked encoding at all.

    Please note that this is not a newly introduced limitation - it's merely an official acknowledgement of the fact that different connectors have different capabilities and limitations - something that has always been part of the individual connector implementations, it just was not publicly acknowledged.

  • New ConnectorProvider SPI has been introduced to decouple Connector instantiation from Client instance boot-strapping. As such, the connector(Connector) method has been removed from ClientConfig API. It has been replaced with a newly introduced connectorProvider(ConnectorProvider) method.

  • org.glassfish.jersey.client.HttpUrlConnector has been removed from the public API. HttpUrlConnectorProvider should be used to produce HttpURLConnection connector instances instead.

  • ClientProperties.HTTP_URL_CONNECTION_SET_METHOD_WORKAROUND property has been moved to the new HttpUrlConnectorProvider has been introduced in Jersey 2.4) has been moved to the new HttpUrlConnectorProvider class as this property is specific to the connector instances created by HttpUrlConnectorProvider only. The property has been also renamed to HttpUrlConnector.SET_METHOD_WORKAROUND. The name of the property remains the same - jersey.config.client.httpUrlConnection.setMethodWorkaround.

  • ClientProperties.HTTP_URL_CONNECTOR_FIX_LENGTH_STREAMING property (that class as this property is specific to the connector instances created by HttpUrlConnectorProvider only. The property has been also renamed to HttpUrlConnectorProvider.USE_FIXED_LENGTH_STREAMING and the new property name is jersey.config.client.httpUrlConnector.useFixedLengthStreaming.

  • org.glassfish.jersey.grizzly.connector.GrizzlyConnector has been removed from the public API. GrizzlyConnectorProvider should be used to produce Grizzly Asynchronous HTTP Client connector instances instead.

  • Public constructor has been removed from the ApacheConnector API. ApacheConnectorProvider should be used to provide Apache HTTP Client connector instances instead.

  • Public constructor has been removed from the JettyConnector API. JettyConnectorProvider should be used to provide Jetty HTTP Client connector instances instead.

  • Renamed property CACHING_TEMPLATES_ENABLED in MustacheMvcFeature from jersey.config.server.mvc.caching.mustache.enabled to jersey.config.server.mvc.caching.mustache.

  • Authentication filters org.glassfish.jersey.client.filter.HttpBasicAuthFilter and org.glassfish.jersey.client.filter.HttpDigestAuthFilter were deprecated and replaced by HttpAuthenticationFeature.

27.16.2. Other changes

  • The ContainerLifecycleListener invokes event onStartup and onShutdown also when application is being started or stopped because of application redeploy. The interface was marked as a Beta now.

  • The monitoring statistics method ApplicationStatistics.getDestroyTime() is deprecated and returns always null. Use ContainerLifecycleListener to listen on application destroy and get the destroy time.

  • org.glassfish.jersey.spi.ResponseExecutorsProvider contract has been completely removed from the Jersey SPI as it was inconsistently used by Jersey runtime and we did not find a suitable use case where a custom response executor would make sense. While we have no indication that the removed SPI is used in the Jersey community, please do not hesitate to contact us in case you think that you have a valid use case where the use of a custom response executor makes sense.

  • org.glassfish.jersey.spi.RequestsExecutorsProvider contract has been renamed to org.glassfish.jersey.spi.RequestsExecutorsProvider. It has been also extended with an additional releaseRequestingExecutor method to address executor shutdown handling issues reported in JERSEY-2205. As such, any custom implementation of the SPI is now required to implement the new method. (Note that the SPI has been removed in Jersey 2.18 - see the Jersey 2.18 release migration guide section for more details.)

27.17. Migrating from Jersey 2.4 to 2.4.1

  • The unsupported ClientProperties.BUFFER_RESPONSE_ENTITY_ON_EXCEPTION property, with value of jersey.config.client.bufferResponseEntityOnException, has been removed from the API. Since Jersey 2.4 where JERSEY-2157 issue has been fixed, Jersey client runtime automatically buffers error response entities. This behavior is automatic and there is no need to set any property.

27.18. Migrating from Jersey 2.3 to 2.4

  • All deprecated SSE InboundEvent getData(...) methods have been removed from the API. Use the new readData(...) methods have been introduced instead in Jersey 2.3 for consistency with other parts of client-side JAX-RS API. Access to the raw SSE event data content is provided via a InboundEvent's byte[] getRawData() method that has been too introduced in Jersey 2.3.

  • All EJB and CDI integration classes have been moved into internal Jersey packages, to clearly state the integration code should not be used as a public API.

27.19. Migrating from Jersey 2.0, 2.1 or 2.2 to 2.3

  • All existing SSE InboundEvent getData(...) methods have been made deprecated and new readData(...) methods have been introduced instead for consistency with other parts of client-side JAX-RS API. The deprecated getData(...) methods will be removed in Jersey 2.4. A new SSE InboundEvent byte[] getRawData() method has been introduced to provide access to the raw SSE event data content.

  • Generic Broadcaster methods for adding/removing BroadcasterListener registrations have been renamed from addBroadcasterListener/removeBroadcasterListener to simply add/remove.

  • Generic Broadcaster (and transitively, SseBroadcaster) add/remove methods - that are responsible for adding/removing BroadcasterListener and ChunkedOutput (or EventOutput) registrations - no longer try to avoid duplicate registrations by comparing hash code of the added/removed instance with the hash codes of already registered instances. This behavior has been identified as a potential source of hard to discover bugs and was removed as such. The issue with the former behavior was that hash codes as integer values provide only a very limited value space that could lead to false-positive duplicate registration rejections, especially with larger number of simultaneously connected SSE clients (represented by ChunkedOutput or EventOutput broadcaster registrations). Consequently, users who rely on the old registration behavior in their application code need to adapt the code to the revised behavior of Broadcaster add/remove methods.

27.20. Migrating from Jersey 1.x to 2.0

This chapter is a migration guide for people switching from Jersey 1.x. Since many of the Jersey 1.x features became part of JAX-RS 2.0 standard which caused changes in the package names, we decided it is a good time to do a more significant incompatible refactoring, which will allow us to introduce some more interesting new features in the future. As the result, there are many incompatibilities between Jersey 1.x and Jersey 2.0. This chapter summarizes how to migrate the concepts found in Jersey 1.x to Jersey/JAX-RS 2.0 concepts.

27.20.1. Server API

Jersey 1.x contains number of proprietary server APIs. This section covers migration of application code relying on those APIs. Injecting custom objects

Jersey 1.x have its own internal dependency injection framework which handles injecting various parameters into field or methods. It also provides a way how to register custom injection provider in Singleton or PerRequest scopes. Jersey 2.x uses HK2 as dependency injection framework and users are also able to register custom classes or instances to be injected in various scopes.

Main difference in Jersey 2.x is that you don't need to create special classes or providers for this task; everything should be achievable using HK2 API. Custom injectables can be registered at ResourceConfig level by adding new HK2 Module or by dynamically adding binding almost anywhere using injected HK2 Services instance.

Jersey 1.x Singleton:

ResourceConfig resourceConfig = new DefaultResourceConfig();
        new SingletonTypeInjectableProvider<Context, SingletonType>(
                SingletonType.class, new SingletonType()) {});

Jersey 1.x PerRequest:

ResourceConfig resourceConfig = new DefaultResourceConfig();
        new PerRequestTypeInjectableProvider<Context, PerRequestType>() {
            public Injectable<PerRequestType> getInjectable(ComponentContext ic, Context context) {

Jersey 2.0 HK2 Module:

public static class MyBinder extends AbstractBinder {

    protected void configure() {
        // request scope binding
        // singleton binding
        // singleton instance binding
        bind(new MyInjectableSingleton()).to(MyInjectableSingleton.class);


// register module to ResourceConfig (can be done also in constructor)
ResourceConfig rc = new ResourceConfig();
rc.addClasses(/* ... */);
rc.addBinders(new MyBinder());

Jersey 2.0 dynamic binding:

public static class MyApplication extends Application {

    public MyApplication(ServiceLocator serviceLocator) {
        System.out.println("Registering injectables...");

        DynamicConfiguration dc = Injections.getConfiguration(serviceLocator);

        // request scope binding

        // singleton binding

        // singleton instance binding
                Injections.newBinder(new MyInjectableSingleton())

        // request scope binding with specified custom annotation
                        .qualifiedBy(new MyAnnotationImpl())

        // commits changes

    public Set<Class<?>> getClasses() {
        return ...
    }} ResourceConfig Reload

In Jersey 1, the reload functionality is based on two interfaces:

  1. com.sun.jersey.spi.container.ContainerListener
  2. com.sun.jersey.spi.container.ContainerNotifier

Containers, which support the reload functionality implement the ContainerListener interface, so that once you get access to the actual container instance, you could call it's onReload method and get the container re-load the config. The second interface helps you to obtain the actual container instance reference. An example on how things are wired together follows.

Example 27.1. Jersey 1 reloader implementation

public class Reloader implements ContainerNotifier {
    List<ContainerListener> ls;

    public Reloader() {
        ls = new ArrayList<ContainerListener>();

    public void addListener(ContainerListener l) {

    public void reload() {
        for (ContainerListener l : ls) {

Example 27.2. Jersey 1 reloader registration

Reloader reloader = new Reloader();
resourceConfig.getProperties().put(ResourceConfig.PROPERTY_CONTAINER_NOTIFIER, reloader);

In Jersey 2, two interfaces are involved again, but these have been re-designed.

  1. org.glassfish.jersey.server.spi.Container
  2. org.glassfish.jersey.server.spi.ContainerLifecycleListener

The Container interface introduces two reload methods, which you can call to get the application re-loaded. One of these methods allows to pass in a new ResourceConfig instance. You can register your implementation of ContainerLifecycleListener the same way as any other provider (i.e. either by annotating it by @Provider annotation or adding it to the Jersey ResourceConfig directly either using the class (using ResourceConfig.addClasses()) or registering a particular instance using ResourceConfig.addSingletons() method.

An example on how things work in Jersey 2 follows.

Example 27.3. Jersey 2 reloader implementation

public class Reloader implements ContainerLifecycleListener {

    Container container;

    public void reload(ResourceConfig newConfig) {

    public void reload() {

    public void onStartup(Container container) {
        this.container = container;

    public void onReload(Container container) {
        // ignore or do whatever you want after reload has been done

    public void onShutdown(Container container) {
        // ignore or do something after the container has been shutdown

Example 27.4. Jersey 2 reloader registration

Reloader reloader = new Reloader();
                  MessageBodyReaders and MessageBodyWriters ordering

JAX-RS 2.0 defines new order of MessageBodyWorkers - whole set is sorted by declaration distance, media type and source (custom providers having higher priority than default ones provided by Jersey). JAX-RS 1.x ordering can still be forced by setting parameter MessageProperties.LEGACY_WORKERS_ORDERING ("jersey.config.workers.legacyOrdering") to true in ResourceConfig or ClientConfig properties.

27.20.2. Migrating Jersey Client API

JAX-RS 2.0 provides functionality that is equivalent to the Jersey 1.x proprietary client API. Here is a rough mapping between the Jersey 1.x and JAX-RS 2.0 Client API classes:

Table 27.2. Mapping of Jersey 1.x to JAX-RS 2.0 client classes

Jersey 1.x ClassJAX-RS 2.0 ClassNotes
com.sun.jersey.api.client.Client ClientBuilder For the static factory methods and constructors.
  Client For the instance methods.
com.sun.jersey.api.client.WebResource WebTarget  
com.sun.jersey.api.client.AsyncWebResource WebTarget You can access async versions of the async methods by calling WebTarget.request().async()

The following sub-sections show code examples. Making a simple client request

Jersey 1.x way:

Client client = Client.create();
WebResource webResource = client.resource(restURL).path("myresource/{param}");
String result = webResource.pathParam("param", "value").get(String.class);

JAX-RS 2.0 way:

Client client = ClientBuilder.newClient();
WebTarget target ="myresource/{param}");
String result = target.pathParam("param", "value").get(String.class); Registering filters

Jersey 1.x way:

Client client = Client.create();
WebResource webResource = client.resource(restURL);
webResource.addFilter(new HTTPBasicAuthFilter(username, password));

JAX-RS 2.0 way:

Client client = ClientBuilder.newClient();
WebTarget target =;
target.register(new HttpBasicAuthFilter(username, password)); Setting "Accept" header

Jersey 1.x way:

Client client = Client.create();
WebResource webResource = client.resource(restURL).accept("text/plain");
ClientResponse response = webResource.get(ClientResponse.class);

JAX-RS 2.0 way:

Client client = ClientBuilder.newClient();
WebTarget target =;
Response response = target.request("text/plain").get(); Attaching entity to request

Jersey 1.x way:

Client client = Client.create();
WebResource webResource = client.resource(restURL);
ClientResponse response =, "payload");

JAX-RS 2.0 way:

Client client = ClientBuilder.newClient();
WebTarget target =;
Response response = target.request().post(Entity.text("payload")); Setting SSLContext and/or HostnameVerifier

Jersey 1.x way:

HTTPSProperties prop = new HTTPSProperties(hostnameVerifier, sslContext);
DefaultClientConfig dcc = new DefaultClientConfig();
dcc.getProperties().put(HTTPSProperties.PROPERTY_HTTPS_PROPERTIES, prop);
Client client = Client.create(dcc);

Jersey 2.0 way:

Client client = ClientBuilder.newBuilder()

27.20.3. JSON support changes

JSON Support has undergone certain changes in Jersey 2.x. The most visible difference for the developer is in the initialization and configuration.

In Jersey 1.x, the JAXB/JSON Support was implemented as a set of MessageBodyReaders and MessageWriters in the jersey-json module. Internally, there were several implementations of JSON to Object mapping ranging from Jersey's own custom solution to third party providers, such as Jackson or Jettison. The configuration of the JSON support was centralized in the JSONConfiguration and JSONJAXBContext classes. Initialization

There are three main JSON-mapping handling approaches, which are preserved in Jersey 2: JAXB-based, POJO mapping and Low-level parsing The following table shows how to enable each of them in both Jersey 2 compared to Jersey 1:

Table 27.3. JSON approaches and usage in Jersey 1 vs Jersey 2

ApproachJersey 1Jersey 2
POJOregister POJOMappingFeature, use ObjectMapper for configuration use Jackson provider: (add jersey-media-json-jackson dependency and register the JacksonFeature), configure with custom ObjectMapper instance.
JAXBDefault; use JSONConfiguration/JSONJAXBContext for configuration use MOXy (add the jersey-media-moxy dependency; the feature will be registered automatically), configure using MoxyJsonConfig
Low-levelDirect usage of JSONObject and/or JSONArray classesuse JSON-P (standard) or Jettison (non-standard) APIs (add the relevant dependency)

Example 27.5. Initializing JAXB-based support with MOXy



For JAXB-based support, MOXy is the default way in Jersey 2. However, other providers (Jackson, Jettison) can be used as well. The relevant feature has to be registered (and dependency added) and custom implementation of ContextResolver has to be provided. See the code snippets in the related chapter.

For more on particular Feature registration, see also: Jackson registration, Jettison registration, MOXy registration, JSON-P registration.

It is important to point out, that the Feature registration has to be done separately for client and server.


With Jersey 2.9, Jackson has been updated to version 2.3.2. The feature is still configured via mentioned ObjectMapper class, but the package has changed.

  • For jackson 1.x, use
  • For jackson 2.x, use com.fasterxml.jackson.core.ObjectMapper JSON Notation

Jersey 1 was selecting the provider automatically based on the desired JSON Notation. This concept was replaced in Jersey 2 by direct choice of provider (as shown above). To provide some guide how to achieve the same results as in the previous Jersey version, see the following list:

  • MAPPED not supported

  • NATURAL default MOXy output

  • JETTISON_MAPPED supported by Jettison

  • BADGERFISH supported by Jettison Configuration

As mentioned, the centralized configuration of Jersey 1's JSONConfiguration does not have a direct equivalent in Jersey 2. Each provider has it's own way to be configured. Detailed description of each method and property is out of scope of this migration guide and can be found in the documentation and APIs of the relevant providers and/or the relevant Jersey module API. Bellow are several basic examples how to configure certain options when using MOXy with Jersey's MoxyJsonConfig class.

  • Formated output

    Jersey 1: JSONConfiguration.createJSONConfigurationWithFormatted()

    Jersey 2/MOXy: MoxyJsonConfig.setFormattedOutput()

  • Namespaces mapping

    Jersey 1: JSONConfiguration.natural().xml2JsonNs()

    Jersey 2/MOXy: MoxyJsonConfig.setNamespacePrefixMapper()

  • Namespace separator

    Jersey 1: JSONConfiguration.natural().nsSeparator()

    Jersey 2/MOXy: MoxyJsonConfig.setNamespaceSeparator()

Properties can be also passed directly to Marshaller and/or Unmarshaller using: MoxyJsonConfig's property(), marshallerProperty() and unmarshallerProperty() methods.

More on the JSON Support topic can be found in Section 9.1, “JSON”.